Link 16 Training

Commitment 3 days, 7-8 hours a day.
Language English
User Ratings Average User Rating 4.8 See what learners said
Delivery Options Instructor-Led Onsite, Online, and Classroom Live


By choosing ENO Institute for your Link 16 Training courses, you can expect that all the information learned in class is accurate, relevant, and up to date. Our Link 16 training courses are designed by Link 16 experts in the field, and this allows our workshops to excel in certain topics that only professionals in the field would understand.

We also continually update our reading materials, teaching techniques, and course offerings to reflect the latest trends in technology. Instead of following the trends, we stay ahead of them to be a frontrunner in the industry. Link 16 Training crash course, Bootcamp style starts with an introduction to Tactical Data Links and covers concepts behind Network Centric Operations (NCO), Link 16 planning, network design, network management, operations, maintenance, and troubleshooting are discussed.

  • 3 days of Link 16 Training with an expert instructor
  • Link 16 Training Electronic Course Guide
  • Certificate of Completion
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee


  • We can adapt this Link 16 Training course to your group’s background and work requirements at little to no added cost.
  • If you are familiar with some aspects of this Link 16 Training course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
  • We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Link 16 Training around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
  • If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Link 16 Training course in a manner understandable to lay audiences.

Upon completing this Link 16 Training course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

  • Discuss Tactical Digital Information Link (TADIL)
  • Understand the key concepts behind Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS
  • List LINK 16/ JTIDS / MIDS Principals and Features
  • Explore Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS and JTRS architectures
  • Discuss Link 16 system characteristics
  • Explore network architecture, services, elements, and protocols to support services
  • Identify the role of key network nodes, interfaces, protocols, control, and related protocols
  • Discuss similarities and differences between Link 4A, Link 11, Link 22, Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP), Variable Message Format (VMF), Fifth Generation Aircraft Systems, Interim JTIDS/MIDS Message Specification (IJMS), Situational Awareness Data Link (SADL), Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS), Inter/Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL), Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL), NATO STANAG standards, CDL (Common Data Link), MDL (Multipurpose Data Link), CEC (Cooperative Engagement Capability),  Tactical Targeting Network Technology (TTNT)
  • Discuss TDMA and CDMA and access mode
  • Describe Network Participation Groups (NGP) and J-Series Messages
  • Discuss various Link 16 terminals and message packing and pulses
  • Understand the similarities and differences between Link 16 Networks and Nets
  • Describe Link 16 Network Access Modes, Network Time, Network Time Reference (NTR), and Terminal Synchronization
  • Understand Link 16 Network Roles, Relays, and  Pulse Deconfliction
  • Calculate Link 16 capacity and Time Slot Duty Factor (TSDF)
  • Discuss Communications Security and Link 16 Cyber Security
  • Describe Link 16 MSEC/TSEC methods
  • Discuss JTIDS / MIDS Network Planning and Design
  • Discuss JTIDS / MIDS Management, Operation, and Troubleshooting and Monitoring
  • Understand the role of the Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP)
  • Discuss Link 16 Network Enable Weapons
  • Discuss Link 16 troubleshooting techniques and procedures

The target audience for this Link 16 Training course:

  • This training is especially useful to Link 16 operators and engineers that require an in-depth understanding of the technical aspects of Link 16, Link 16 terminals, and Network Enabled Weapons. It is also suitable for beginners looking to understand Link 16 and NEW, as a review for those with Link 16 experience, or anyone wishing to upskill their current knowledge.

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this Link 16 Training course are:

  • N/A


Overview of Tactical Digital Information Link (TADIL)
  • What is TADIL?
  • TADIL Capabilities
  • Basic principles and purpose
  • Platforms and Development
  • Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS)
  • Surveillance Control Data Link (SCDL)
  • Ground Station Modules (GSMs)
  • Joint Tactical Data Link Management Plan (JTDLMP)
  • Tactical data link for command, control, and intelligence
  • Link 4A
  • TADIL A/B [Link-11]
  • Link 16 is the prime data link for U.S. and NATO forces
  • TADIL C [Link-4A]
  • Conventional Link Eleven Waveform (CLEW)
  • Single Tone Link Eleven Waveform (SLEW)
  • Link 22 to replace Link 11 and complement Link 16
  • Secure digital radio link in HF and UHF band
  • Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP)
  • Variable Message Format (VMF)
  • Fifth Generation Aircraft Systems
  • Interim JTIDS/MIDS Message Specification (IJMS)
  • Situational Awareness Data Link (SADL)
  • Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
  • Inter/Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)
  • Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL)
  • NATO STANAG standards
  • CDL (Common Data Link)
  • MDL (Multipurpose Data Link)
  • CEC (Cooperative Engagement Capability)
  • Tactical Targeting Network Technology (TTNT)
Overview of TADIL J (Link-16)/JTIDS/MIDS
  • Basic Link 16 principles and purpose
  • Link 16 capabilities
  • Link 16 protocol vs. terminals
  • MIL-STD-6016 – Tactical Data Link (TDL) 16 Message Standard
  • STANAG 5516 – Tactical Data Exchange – Link 16
  • MIDS System Segment Specification (SSS)
  • MIDS System Segment – Interface Control Document (Hardware ICD)
  • MIL-STD-6016E: Tactical Data Link (TDL) 16 Message Standard
  • Overview of  or Satellite TADIL J (S-TADIL J)
  • Real-time Beyond Line-of-Sight (BLOS)
Overview of Link 16 System Architecture, Protocols, and Components
  • Overview of Link 16 Operations
  • Link 16 Architecture
  • Link 16 Network Time and Network Roles
  • Link 16 Terminal Navigation and Network Relays
  • Link 16 Terminals and Platforms/Capabilities
  • Link 16 Configurations / Maintenance
  • Link 16 Data Terminals
  • Voice Transmission and Reception over Link 16
  • Principles of Multiple Access in Link 16
  • TDMA Principles in the Link 16
  • Link 16 Frequencies and Time Slots
  • Link 16 Interference Protection Features
  • Time Slot Duty Factor (TDSF)
  • Participation Groups
  • Network Operations, Roles, and Responsibilities
  • Precise Participant Location and Identification (PLLI)
  • Link 16 Security
  • Multinetting
  • Range Extension Techniques
Purpose of Tactical Digital Information and Link 16 Systems
  • Purpose and Description
  • Data Link Advantages
  • Link 16 for anti-jam (AJ), secure, data and voice system
  • Standard waveforms and messages to promote interoperability
  • Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) and Multifunctional Information
  • Distribution System (MIDS)
  • Architecture and Network Design
  • Link 16 Parameters
  • Pulse Deconfliction
  • Frequency Assignments
  • Architecture Examples
  • Time Slot Blocks (TSBs)
  • Message Construction
  • Net synchronization
  • Frequencies and Interference Protection Feature (IPF)
  • Range Extension by Relay
  • Time Slot Reallocation (TSR)
  • Precise Participant Location and Identification (PPLI)
  • Link-16 Enhance Throughput (LET)
  • VMF Message Catalog
  • Video on Link-16
LINK-16 Capabilities
  • LINK-16 Basic Capabilities
  • Tactical Data Link 16
  • Link 16 Architecture
  • Link 16 System Operation
  • Waveform
  • Time Slots
  • Exchange real-time tactical data
  • Architecture
  • Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
  • Synchronization
  • Acquisition & maintenance of system time
  • Network
  • Time Slot
  • Link 16 Division of Network Time
  • Epochs, Frames, and Timeslots
  • Network Participation Groups (NPG)
  • Terminal variations
  • Class I, Class II, MIDS (LVT-1, LVT-2, LVT-3)
  • Host platform integration requirements
  • Link 16 Messages
  • Link 16 Security
Principles and Features of Link 16 Systems and Terminals
  • Link 16 System Characteristics
  • Air/Ground Situational Awareness
  • Link 16 Architecture
  • LINK 16 Features
  • LINK 16 Functions
  • Fully Functional Link 16 Terminal
  • MIDS LVT-1 (Ethernet)
  • MIDS LVT-2 (Ethernet)
  • MIDS LVT-2 (X.25)
  • MIDS LVT-11 IP
  • MIDS LVT-3 (1553)
  • USN E-2 (1553)
  • USAF E-8 (1553)
  • USAF F-15 (1553)
  • USAF MCE (1553)
  • USMC MCE (1553)
  • US Army 2M (X.25)
  • LINK 16 Terminals
  • Multifunctional information distribution system (MIDS) fighter data link
  • Low Volume Terminals (LVT)
  • Terminal Options: MIDS terminals, Class 2 terminals
  • MIDS Low-Volume Terminals (LVTs)
  • The MIDS-LVT (1) Family
  • LVT (1) TACAN Tactical Air Navigation System, and Voice
  • LVT (4) Voice, but eliminates TACAN
  • LVT (6) provides TACAN no Voice
  • LVT (7) bare-bones model, no TACAN or Voice
  • MIDS LVT (2) family ground terminal
  • Handheld Link 16 Radio, BATS-D
  • Handheld Form Factor
Overview of NPGs
  • Network Participation Group (NPG)
  • 1 Initial Entry
  • 2/3 RTT-A/RTT-B
  • 4 Network Management
  • 5/6 PPLI and Status
  • 7 Surveillance
  • 8 Mission Management/ Weapons Coordination
  • 9 Control
  • 11 Image Transfer
  • 12/13 Voice A/B
  • 18 Network Enabled Weapons
  • 19/20 Fighter-to-Fighter A&B
  • 21 Engagement Coordination
  • 27 Joint Net PPLI
  • 28 Distributed Network Management
Example of LINK 16 Messages (J Series)
  • Network Management
  • Precise Participant Location and Identification (PPLI)
  • Surveillance
  • Intelligence
  • Weapons Coordination and Management (Network Enables Weapons AKA NEW)
  • Control
  • Platform and System Status
  • Electronic Warfare (EW)
LINK 16 Network Management Operational Scenarios
  • LINK 16 Architecture and Management
  • LINK 16 Troubleshooting and Monitoring
  • LINK 16 Network Planning and Design
  • LINK 16 Operation and Troubleshooting and Monitoring
  • Related J series messages
Link 16 Network Enabled Weapon (NEW)
  • Introduction to Link 16 Network Enable Weapons
  • Net Enabled Weapons  supporting  missions Use Cases
  • Network Enabled Weapons (NEW) Architecture
  • Network Enabled Weapon Messages (J11.X)
  • NEW Implementation Requirements
  • In-Flight Target Updates (IFTUs)
  • Targeting and engagement of Moving Targets
  • In-flight Retargeting/Reallocation
  • In-flight abort
  • Sensor to Weapon 3PS Targeting (S2W 3PS)
  • Weapon to Weapon Coordination (Cooperative Attack)
Satellite TADILS
  • GEO  vs. LEO
  • Link-11 via satellite
  • Satellite TADIL-J (STJ)
  • Multicast TADIL-J (MTJ)
Structured Link 16 Troubleshooting Approaches
  • Isolate and solve Link 16 network, terminals, and design problems
  • Root Cause Analysis Techniques applied to Link 16
  • The systematic elimination of hypothetical causes
  • Narrowing down on the possible causes
  • The top-down approach
  • The bottom-up approach
  • The spot-the-differences approach
  • The move-the-problem approach
  • Failure at Upper Link 16 Layers
  • Application Layer Failure
  • Failure at Lower Link 16 Layers
  • Failure at the network topology
  • Failure at security keys
  • The Divide-and-Conquer Troubleshooting Approach
  • Follow-the-Path Troubleshooting Approach
  • The Compare-Configurations Troubleshooting Approach
  • The Swap-Components Troubleshooting Approach
Link 16 Troubleshooting Procedures
  • Link 16 Verification and Validation Plans
  • Testing, Simulation, and Analysis Techniques
  • Verification of Link 16 initial and mission plans
  • Testing Link 16 Hardware Platforms and Software Features
  • Link 16 Network Design Verification
  • Testing Link 16 RF Capabilities
  • Synchronization testing
  • Testing Link 16 Features
  • Testing C2 to C2 Battle Management
  • Testing C2 to Fighter mission assignments
  • Testing Fighter to Fighter information exchange
  • Testing Imagery and Voice communications
  • Testing Network Enable Weapons
Link 16 Verification and Validation (V&V) Plans and Procedures
  • Link 16 Network Integrity V&V
  • Link 16 NPG Status V&V
  • Crypto net V&V
  • Frequency Planning and Management V&V
  • Time Slot Duty Factor (TSDF) Tests
  • OPTASK Link V&V
  • Multi-Link Network V&V
  • Roles / Responsibilities V&V
Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP)
  • What is JREAP?
  • Tactical data over digital media and networks
  • JREAP/TADIL Testing/Simulation
  • JREAP Application Block
  • Joint Range Extension (JRE) Gateway
  • JREAP B – Serial
  • JREAP C – Ethernet
MIDS Link 16 Advanced Network Design and Management TrainingLink 16 Training Course Wrap-Up