RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training

Commitment 5 Days, 7-8 hours a day.
Language English
User Ratings Average User Rating 4.8 See what learners said
Delivery Options Instructor-Led Onsite, Online, and Classroom Live


This five-day hands-on RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course is intended to provide a detailed understanding of the technical aspects of RF system design, analysis, and deployment. Taught as an intensive workshop, the RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio course relies heavily on instructor/class interaction, simulations, and exercises that aid the student to develop an intuitive understanding of both the theoretical concepts and their practical application. To be able to participate in the hands-on activities, a scientific calculator and laptop for running Excel spreadsheets (with the analysis pack) are required.

The technologies used for Line-of-Sight (LOS) and Non-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) radio, from HF to EHF, are discussed in this course, as is the sizing of facilities, both air interface and backhaul, to satisfy the service objectives. Each module of this RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course builds upon the previous modules, helping you acquire the competencies you need in a carefully thought-out, step-by-step manner. The discussion of theoretical concepts will be complemented by multiple calculation exercises as well as exercises and simulations using spreadsheets provided by us. All in all, the RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course will provide you with in-depth and practical knowledge of RF in the context of public safety radio or LMR systems.

  • 5 days of RF for Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training with an expert instructor
  • RF for Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Electronic Course Guide
  • Certificate of Completion
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee



Upon completion of this RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course, the participants will:

  • Identify different E-M propagation modes based on the frequency
  • Describe different Land Mobile Radio (LMR) systems
  • Define the relationship between bandwidth and baud rate
  • Use decibels for gains, losses, and power levels
  • Perform conversions among different signal level references: dBm, dBµV/m, µV, and dBm/cm2
  • Compare digital voice compression techniques based on performance
  • Describe the various components of radio and their functions
  • Describe various amplifier types and impairments
  • Quantify the relationship between noise and bandwidth
  • Compare analog and digital modulation techniques
  • Describe the P25 modulation schemes for transitioning from analog to digital
  • Determine the bit rate of a channel based on bandwidth, modulation scheme, and FEC overhead
  • Compare multiple access using FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, and OFDMA
  • Determine Near-field and Far-field regions of an antenna
  • Compare VSWR, Return Loss, Reflected Power, and Mismatch Loss
  • Describe multiple antenna systems: Adaptive Arrays
  • Perform a cascade analysis for terrestrial radio systems
  • Perform link budgets for both Line-of-Sight (LOS) and Non-Line-of Sight (NLOS) links
  • Determine LOS distance based on the radio horizon
  • Perform a path loss analysis using a simple physical model
  • Compare several empirical path loss models for NLOS
  • Describe how Delay Spread and Doppler Spread affect small–scale fading
  • Perform a path loss analysis for an NLOS environment
  • Determine blocking and delay probability using basic traffic models
  • The RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course can be adapted to the needs of those who lack prior RF experience. Shorter versions of this course, that cover the subject in less depth or omit some of the lab work, are also available.
  • If you are familiar with some aspects of this RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
  • We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
  • If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio course in a manner understandable to lay audiences.

The target audience for this RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training course:

  • This course is aimed at technical personnel who need to understand RF Systems from a Public Safety or Land Mobile Radio (LMR) perspective. It will be beneficial to those involved in analyzing, designing, or supporting public safety RF systems or the acquisition of equipment used in such systems.

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio course are:

  • Participants should have a technical background with some prior on-the-job experience with RF.


Introduction to Wireless Technologies
  • A Brief History of Wireless Communications
  • The Continuing Evolution of Wireless Technologies
  • Modern Wireless Technologies
  • Overview of Land Mobile Radio (LMR) Systems
Radio Wave Characteristics
  • The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • Propagation Modes of Radio Waves
  • Radio Spectrum: Licensed and License Exempt
Fundamental Radio Concepts
  • Basics of Information Transfer for Radio
  • Working with Decibels: Gains, Losses, Power, Conversions
  • Voice Compression Techniques for Digital Radio
  • Basic Radio System Components
  • Wireless Impairments: Internal Noise and Distortion
Digital Modulation and Error Correction Techniques
  • Analog Modulation: AM and FM Variants
  • Basic Digital Modulation Schemes: ASK, PSK, FSK
  • Project 25 Modulation Schemes: C4FM and CQPSK
  • Getting More Bits per Baud using QAM
  • Error Correction Techniques
Physical Layers and Multiple Access Techniques
  • Basic Access Techniques: FDMA and TDMA
  • OFDM and OFDMA
  • Spread Spectrum and CDMA
Basics of Antennas and Antenna Systems
  • E-M Field Radiation: Intentional and Unintentional
  • Basic Antenna Types and Uses
  • Basic Antenna Characteristics
  • Antenna Field Regions
  • Care and Feeding of Antennas
  • Antenna Diversity Techniques
  • Advanced Antenna Systems: Adaptive arrays
  • RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training
Link Budget Analysis Techniques
  • Noise and Noise Sources (Internal and External)
  • Link Budget Considerations
  • Budgeting the Radio Link
Line-of-Sight Radio Propagation
  • Defining Line-of-Sight
  • Line-of-Sight Path Loss Analysis
The Non-Line-of-Sight Propagation Environment
  • Non-Line-of-Sight Propagation Mechanisms
  • Impairments due to Time Dispersal in NLOS Environments
  • Modeling NLOS Outdoor Propagation Loss
  • Modeling NLOS Indoor Propagation Loss
Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering
  • A Brief Review of Statistics and Probability
  • Fundamental Traffic Terms and Concepts
  • Traffic Patterns: Smooth, Random, and Peaked
  • Modeling Traffic: Loss (Blocking) Systems
  • Modeling Traffic: Queuing (Delay) Systems
  • Defining Service Objectives
RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training Wrap-up: Course Recap and Evaluations
Exercises Performed in This Course:
  • Wavelength/frequency conversion
  • Using decibels: Powers levels, gains, and adding ratios
  • Converting among different signal-level references
  • Determining the thermal noise seen by an antenna
  • Receiver noise contribution: Noise Figure
  • Determining the bit rate of a channel
  • Determining theoretical symbol error rate
  • Determining aperture antenna gain
  • Antenna pattern evaluation: Beam-width and front-to-back ratio
  • Determining antenna reactive and radiative near fields
  • Converting between VSWR and reflection coefficient
  • Comparing % reflected power and return loss measurements
  • Phase combining simulation
  • Performing a simple RF power budget
  • Converting gain and NFdB to linear ratios
  • Performing Cascade analysis of a terrestrial receive system
  • Converting NFdb to Noise Temperature
  • Performing LOS link budget using manufacturer’s equipment specifications
  • Determine LOS and NLOS margins based on service objectives
  • Determining LOS radio horizon
  • Determining Fresnel zone clearance
  • Performing a Free-space path loss analysis
  • Determining link reliability based on rain fade margin
  • Estimating diffraction gain for obstacles in radio path
  • Determining the Coherence Bandwidth for a given environment
  • Estimating the RMS Delay Spread of an open area
  • Determining the Coherence time for a given Doppler spread
  • Estimating NLOS path loss using the Log Distance formula
  • Comparing expected loss for several models in a given environment
  • Calculating traffic intensity in Erlangs and CCS
  • Use Poisson, Erlang B, and Erlang C models to determine the GoS
  • Calculating link utilization based on server capacity and traffic generated
  • Determining delay probability using Little and Erlang C models
  • RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training
RF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio TrainingRF For Land Mobile and Public Safety Radio Training Course Wrap-Up


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