TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training

Commitment 5 Days, 7-8 hours a day.
Language English
User Ratings Average User Rating 4.8 See what learners said
Delivery Options Instructor-Led Onsite, Online, and Classroom Live


This comprehensive 5-day TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training course includes an introduction to RF (Part 1) followed by an in-depth discussion of TETRA (Part 2). It’s aimed at technicians and others with limited exposure to Telecommunications (especially RF) and Mathematics. We will teach this course in a manner that enables easy understanding through the use of diagrams, examples, and easy-to-follow explanations.

  • 5 days of TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training with an expert instructor
  • TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Electronic Course Guide
  • Certificate of Completion
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee


  • We can customize this TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training course to your technical requirements, usually at little to no added cost. The course can be shortened or lengthened and its content tailored to suit the needs of your group.

Upon completion of this TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training course, the participants will:


The target audience for this TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training course:

  • This course is aimed at technicians and others who need a “user-friendly” but fairly in-depth course on TETRA.

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training course are:

  • Some prior exposure to RF will be helpful though not required.


Radio Waves and Channels
  • What are radio waves?
  • The electromagnetic spectrum
  • Controlling radio use: The role of the regulator
  • Spectrum allocations
  • Radio bandwidth and channels
RF Mathematics Explained
  • A simple overview and explanation of the math we will use in this course
  • The math processes and examples
The Language of RF
  • DBS, dBm, dBw, dBi
  • Understanding the relevance of the terms
  • Antennas and antenna gain
Noise and Interference
  • Signal Noise Ratio (SNR)
  • Shannon’s Law and its relevance
  • Thermal noise
  • Man-made noise
  • Impact of rainfall and other impairments
Radio Modulation
  • What is radio modulation?
  • Modulation techniques
  • Forward error correction: What it is and how it works
Radio Propagation
  • What propagation is and how it works
  • Impairments to propagation
  • Path loss predictions and modeling
  • Fading environments
  • Multipath
  • Diversity techniques
  • Trunked mobile communications
  • Concepts and benefits of trunking
  • TETRA technology
  • ETSI standardization
  • The TETRA MoU
  • TETRA equipment and systems
Features and Services
  • TETRA features
  • Bearer services, teleservices, supplementary services
  • Voice and data services
  • Circuit-switched and packet-switched data
  • IP packet data
  • Short Data Service (SDS)
  • Direct Mode Operation (DMO))
  • Trunked Mode Operation (TMO)
  • Support for Value Added Services (VAS)
  • TETRA applications
  • Spectral efficiency
  • Security aspects
TETRA Architecture
  • BS, LSC, MSC, LS, MT, TE
  • TETRA network and standard interfaces
  • Standard gateways
  • Trunked mode air interfaces
  • Inter System Interface (ISI)
  • Terminal Equipment Interface (PEI)
  • Line Station Interface (LSI)
  • Network Management Interface (NMI)
  • Direct Mode Air Interface (DMAI)
  • Gateways to public networks
  • TETRA Direct Mode Operation (DMO)
  • Gateway mobile station
  • Repeater station
  • Interoperability
Addressing, Numbering, Dialing, and TETRA MMI
  • Numbering and addressing
  • Handset identification
  • Leading digit dialing
  • Call scenarios
TETRA Air Interface
  • Spectrum allocations and channel assignments
  • Physical and logical channels
  • TDMA structure
  • Medium Access Control (MAC) sublayers
  • Logical Link Control (LLC) layer
  • Frame, slot, and burst structures
  • Air interface message sets
TETRA Procedures
  • MS operational modes
  • Mobility management
  • Cell selection and reselection
  • Cell selection in traffic mode
  • Security, authentication, and encryption
  • Failover options
  • Example call setup message flows
TETRA in Depth with RF Basics Training – TETRA Voice Coding
  • ACELP coding
  • Speech vs. transmission frames
  • Interfaces with other voice systems
  • Voice transcoding
TETRA and Data Networks
  • Circuit mode data operation
  • Packet mode operation
  • X.25, TETRA data services, SCLNP
  • Inter-network protocols
  • Interworking with IP networks
  • TETRA over IP solutions
TETRA Security and Billing
  • Overview of TETRA security requirements
  • Authentication, air interface encryption
  • End-to-end encryption
  • Billing in TETRA networks
TETRA Physical Layer
  • Frequency allocation
  • Carrier frequencies and radio channel numbers
  • π/4DQPSK modulation
  • Frame, slot, and burst structures
  • Synchronization
  • Frequency reference
  • Transmission delays
  • Scrambling
  • Power control
  • Channel quality measurement
  • Physical layer performance
TETRA Data Link Layer
  • LLC and MAC sublayers
  • Coding and interleaving
  • FEC and error detection
  • Channel coding for data and signaling
  • Coding parameters
  • Stealing
  • Random Access (RA)
  • Logical channel routing
  • System modes: Normal, extended, minimum, discontinuous
  • Mobile station modes: Idle, signaling and packet data, traffic, economy
TETRA Network Layer
  • Network layer concepts
  • TETRA network layer
  • TETRA protocol stacks
  • Mobile to base link
  • Mobility management protocols
  • Circuit mode operation
  • Packet mode operation
  • X.25, TETRA data services, SCLNP
  • Inter-network protocols
TETRA and Public Mobile Systems
  • GSM services and features
  • Comparison of TETRA and GSM
  • Convergence of TETRA and GSM
  • Evolution of TETRA towards 3G services
  • Unifying TETRA and UMTS
TETRA Network Planning
  • Frequency spectrum, planning, and re-use C/I requirement; coverage requirement
  • Coverage planning
  • TETRA link budget
  • Capacity planning
  • GoS requirement and traffic load prediction
  • Challenges for TETRA planning
  • Tools for TETRA planning
Indoor Radio Planning
  • Why is indoor coverage important?
  • Indoor planning procedure
  • The RF design process
  • Design strategy
  • The indoor link budget
TETRA Performance
  • Received signal strength measurement
  • Signal quality measurement; receiver sensitivity
  • Round trip MS-BS path delay
  • TETRA reference channels; TETRA receiver classes
  • Interference with other systems
  • Monitoring TETRA performance
  • Field measurements
  • Tools for field measurement
TETRA in-Depth with RF Basics Training Wrap-up
  • Course Recap and Q/A
  • Evaluations
TETRA In-Depth with RF Basics TrainingTETRA In-Depth with RF Basics Training Course Wrap-Up